It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to 0.8–2 m (3–7 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft), forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome.The leaves are 18–75 cm (7–30 in) tall and 0.3–2 cm broad. Miscanthus likes evenly moist soil, but once establishe… The plant does suffer in the heat and humidity of an eastern zone 9 summer. Growing Porcupine Grass. Do a little research on the many maiden grass varieties and choose the right one for your garden location. Ornamental maiden grass is excellent used in containers, but more commonly planted in groups or as a border or along the edges of beds. Water the plants from under the foliage and when the leaf blades will have time to dry off quickly. But it boasts other desirable features, too, including coppery flower heads in early fall that transform into silvery white plumes. The slender, weeping leaves are silvery-green and turn golden bronze in fall. Heavy shade diminishes the coloring of variegated cultivars, so plant them where they will receive plenty of light. Extremely hardy plants. Ohio State University Plant Facts: Miscanthus Sinensis, UC Cooperative Extension: Ornamental Grass, University of Vermont Department of Plant and Soil Science: Miscanthus, The Ohio State University Extension: Perennial Warm Season Grasses for Ohio, Invasive Species of Concern in Maryland: Silvergrass-Miscanthus. Plants enjoy moisture, and are even happy growing beside water, however they also tolerate moderate drought conditions. A silver stripe runs up the middle of the sword-like green leaves. While the leaves yellow somewhat by mid-f… Water maiden grass weekly during its first summer outdoors, then provide water solely during periods of extended drought or high heat. - Drought. Classic ‘Morning Light’ has narrow (and sharp!) As a result, it can spread aggressively and become invasive under ideal conditions. Keep the soil in the flat lightly moist and place the flat in a warm area at least 60 F. (16 C.). The Graziella Maiden Grass is considered a “warm season” grass. Use it in the back of the border where you can enjoy the flower heads all winter long. Deer resistant. Rejuvenated plants result from division and they have a tighter clumping habit. Dispose of any … It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials. It is adaptable to a wide range of climates, although it grows best in temperate areas and within Mediterranean climates with long, hot summers and cool winters. The plants have no known pest or disease problems, except rust. Sign up for our newsletter. Hardy throughout USDA Zones 4 through 9. Compact types are usually only 3 to 4 feet (1 m.) tall and suitable for containers. Hair grass may be hard to find but it's well worth the effort. However, it is... Care. For a rain garden. 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It soon becomes quite large, reaching a height of 6 ft. to 8 ft. and a spread of 3 ft. to 5 ft. This is an indicator that it is time to divide the grass. Miscanthus sinensis, or maiden grass, is widely grown within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 9 for its silky seed panicles and graceful, weeping form. Golden Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa macra 'Aureola') is a beautiful variegated ornamental grass and slow-growing perennial and is one of the rare grasses that thrive in shady conditions.It has arching, lance-shaped, bright-green leaves about 10 inches long. This narrow leaf selection imparts an elegant look in the perennial garden. Maiden grass is an ornamental grass that can grow as tall as 6 feet high and spread to be 4 feet wide at the top. Try growing porcupine grass as an accent or even a border, for a low maintenance and top performing plant. Planting & Growing. By planting ornamental grasses in containers, they will spread only in the boundaries that you set, whether in a large planter or trough.. In late summer it sends up silky burgundy flower spikes that reach 4 to 6 feet tall and eventually grow softer and more cottony. Full sun exposure and well-drained soil are both integral to growing maiden grass. Prevent unwanted maiden grass plants by installing a root barrier around the base to limit the spread of its roots and by pruning off the seed heads before they ripen. Miscanthus Gracillimus is a versatile ornamental grass. Among ornamental grasses, Miscanthus is a go-to choice for garden designers and landscape architects. Use in Zone 10, or in containers in Zone 9B. Use for mass background plantings or in containers. There are many species of the grass genus Pennisetum, including the agronomic crops pearl millet and elephant grass (used for forage and now for biofuel), plus numerous landscape ornamentals, including ‘Purple Majesty’ ornamental millet (P. glaucum).. Fountain grass, P. alopecuroides, is a perennial ornamental grass, with various cultivars hardy from zone 4 or 5 through 10. Nothing has changed from past years except I did not cut them back this year. Zebra Grass is no doubt my favorite of all ornamental grasses. The maiden grass will rejuvenate and grow back quickly. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Miscanthus imparts subtle beauty to any space. You may dig up a mature plant in early spring before new growth has appeared. The flowers are white fan … The copper tassels turn to silvery white plumes in the fall. Your best bet is to find a buddy with a grass and cut out a piece for yourself. Excellent for cutting. Prized for its unmatched foliage color, this handsome grass has fast growing green leaves that emerge with red tips in spring, darken through summer, and turn a rich burgundy in fall. Maiden Grass, botanical name Miscanthus sinensis Gracillimus, is suited to USDA zones 4-9, with full sun. For colorful displays, ‘Purpurescens’ is red in summer and purplish red in fall, while ‘Silver Feather’ has shimmering whitish silver inflorescences. Maiden grass is a plant that comes very close to being perfect. Is your area experiencing a drought? This maiden grass makes an excellent specimen plant and is spectacular in mass plantings. Cut the root base into two to four sections and plant each as a new plant. Maiden grass care couldn’t be simpler. A silver stripe runs up the middle of the sword-like green leaves. ‘Gracillimus’ is a delicately leaved cultivar with a more upright growth habit. Miscanthus sinensis, or maiden grass, is a family of ornamental plants with a clumping habit and graceful arching stems. Maiden grass is a prime ornamental plant for drought-prone climates or in areas with water restrictions because it requires virtually no irrigation once established. Maiden grass is a tall ornamental grass that would be worth growing for its graceful arching form alone. The grass requires well-drained soil, but is tolerant of excess moisture, dry conditions, acidic soils and even hard clay sites. - Cutting back the grass … The fast-growing grass can live in almost any habitat, but it grows especially well in rich soil and mild climates. Simply put, the grass likes at least two weeks of warm soil temperatures before it will start to send up new shoots. Maiden Grass: A Field Guide. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. It is rabbit and deer resistant. Trim back to the ground in early spring -– power hedge trimmers do a quick job. Lower leaves have a tendency to wither in late summer, so planting something tall in front is recommended. Product's Features; Feature Value; If trees around the grass are growing and casting heavier shade on the grass this could be the problem. Choosing the right spot, digging an appropriate-sized hole and taking precautions when back-filling will lead to a successful plant that will thrive all season. Just remember how tall and wide the grass will get and give it enough room to mature. This group of grasses has added appeal in late summer with spectacular plumes and in fall with bronze to burgundy colored foliage. To grow the strongest stand of plants possible, place miscanthus in well-drained soil with a good amount of organic matter. Adagio Maiden grass requires full to mostly sun. Check the hardiness rating of the Ornamental Grass you want to grow. They typically take from two to nine weeks to germinate once the temperature reaches 15 degrees Centigrade. Adding drama and powerful structure to the landscape, Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) are fabulous ornamental grasses that should have a spot in any garden. Airy reddish pink flowers develop in summer. Growing Requirements. - Too much shade. Late freeze can weaken or in some extreme cases kill the grass. Pruning is the best way to keep maiden grass plants looking healthy and attractive. However, mature maiden grasses require occasional care to maintain their attractive appearance and vigor. Maiden grass occurs naturally across eastern Asia, including China, Japan and Taiwan. Climate Conditions. The leaves are gray or bluish-green with narrowly tapering tips and sharp, serr… Since it can grow 6 to 10 feet tall, each tussock or clump should be given plenty of space between it and other plantings. 'Karl Foerster' grows well in most North American gardens. Miscanthus maiden grass has a very regal appeal and provides elegant décor to flank the front entry or along the driveway. Growing just 4-5 feet tall, dwarf pampas grass develops showy white flower plumes in the late summer and fall. They have a preference for moist soil, but are able to tolerate dry spells. Full sun exposure and well-drained soil are both integral to growing maiden grass. Its steady growth makes maiden grass valuable to landscaping, but it may also prove detrimental if the plant becomes invasive. Match the correct plant to your garden’s climate (hardiness zone). This is a fairly fast-growing grass, achieving 6' in height and 4' in width in just a couple years. Also, plant maiden grass cultivars with diminished potential for invasiveness such as Autumn Light (Miscanthus sinensis "Autumn Light"), Variegatus (Miscanthus sinensis "Variegatus") or Rigoletto (Miscanthus sinensis "Rigoletto"). If you want to know how to grow maiden grass from seed, get ready for a wait. There are numerous maiden grass varieties with different sizes and foliage colors. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Miscanthus maiden grass is easy to care for and hardy in USDA zones 5 to 9. Maiden grass reproduces sexually via seed and asexually through spreading rhizomes. Burpee lists the hardiness zone at the end of each variety description. Propagation of ornamental maiden grasses is through division. Flame grass is a perfect addition as a background plant to your perennial garden or can be used to accent your landscape. Elegant striped blades of green and white emerge in spring and will grow to 4' - 5' tall by summer. The baby sprouts will grow slowly and you will not have a Miscanthus maiden grass big enough to plant outside for at least a year. Divide the maiden grass every three to four years. If you want to know how to grow maiden grass from seed, get ready for a wait. What is in your mix will dictate how fast it will grow. How Fast Does Miscanthus Grow? Miscanthus sinensis, the maiden silvergrass, is a species of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, native to eastern Asia throughout most of China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. Maiden Grass 'Morning Light', Miscanthus sinensis, is a year-round specimen to behold! Her nearly 20 years of experience in horticulture informs her work, which has appeared in publications such as Mother Earth News. Be sure to wear heavy gloves when working with maiden grass because the blades are very sharp and may cause injury. They grow well in locations that receive at least 4 hours of sun per day. Samantha McMullen began writing professionally in 2001. Grows 3-4' tall with flower plumes 5-6'. If desired, cut each clump in half again. Pampas grass, also known as Cortaderia selloana, is native to the moist South American grasslands, known also as the pampas. 'Karl Foerster' is a cool-season grass meaning it grows best at temperatures near 70oF, and the best time to plant is spring in the North; fall in the South and West. It grows slowly when young but will reach a mature height of 3 to 8 feet in two to three years, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions. Like standard pampas grass, the dwarf variety can become invasive, so plant it … Perennial Miscanthus sinensis can do it all: it’s drought tolerant, deer proof, and beautiful, growing in airy clumps that send up feathery plumes in late summer.. Variegatus: Variegated silver grass has distinct striped green and white leaves in an arching clump. Growing 4-5 feet tall, it does the job as an excellent hedge plant. Your best bet is to find a buddy with a grass and cut out a … Sow seeds indoors in a flat with a lid. While some grasses take time to form full-sized clumps, fast-growing, tall varieties let you see the results of your landscaping decisions within a single season. Huron Sunrise Maiden Grass will grow to be about 4 feet tall at maturity extending to 6 feet tall with the flowers, with a spread of 3 feet. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. It can get 6 to 9 feet (1.8-2.7 m.) tall. Most of these plants are cold hardy, fast growers that thrive in sun (see individual varieties for specifics). However, it is adaptable to hardpan soil and light shade in drier areas if kept well-watered until it is established. The baby sprouts will grow slowly and you will not have a Miscanthus maiden grass big enough to plant outside for at least a year. With silvery green foliage and feather-like blooms, the grass partners well with other plants and blends into garden beds. Most of our mixes contain a blend of perennial ryegrass and fescues, with the exception of a few specialist mixes for sports, shaded areas and mixes that are 100% perennial ryegrass or 100% fescue. In moist, warm areas with no frost to keep its growth in check, maiden grass can become invasive. Good for cut arrangements. However, it can be controlled by adjusting its growing conditions according to the climate. leaves with a thin stripe down the center of each. My two zebra grasses are over 8 years old and still performing beautifully! Zebra grass may grow to seven feet tall, spreading 4–6 feet, wide. Toward the end of summer, coffee colored flower tufts crown this beauty and draw the … It is a fast-growing plant and an easy one to get started. Some grow very large, some are small, so the area you have available should determine your best choice for a grass. Compare this with your Hardiness Zone. Cut back the entire plant to 3 inches in early spring. When in flower, this clump-forming plant will reach 6 to 8 feet tall, and its stems redden in the fall. Many ornamental varieties such as switchgrass, feather reed grass and maiden grass come with colorful, wispy plumes, giving your containers an allure of additional color. ‘Condensatus’ is a variety that can get 8 feet (2.5 m.) tall and has coarse foliage. Plant 15-24'' apart. With some varieties reaching upward of 12 feet tall, it can act as a fast-growing garden screen. In warm areas with no frost, plant maiden grass in poor, gravelly or clay-based soil to inhibit the spread of its rhizomatous roots and install a root barrier in the bed to control its spread. Plant specs. Rust is a fungal disease that is transmitted to leaves when water splashes onto them. Maiden grass occurs naturally across eastern Asia, including China, Japan and Taiwan. Say “maiden grass” and this is the one most folks think of. You can use them in the back of border, in drifts, as specimens, or next to water features. Keep the soil in the flat lightly moist and place the flat in a warm area at least 60 F. (16 C.). Given our cool and cloudy spring I would give the grass at least until mid June to show signs of life. Sow seeds indoors in a flat with a lid. There are variegated varieties with horizontal yellow or white stripes, or vertical stripes along the leaf margins. Dig up the entire plant with the root ball, and then cut the clump in half with a shovel. Reader Question: The Case for Growing Your Own Food → 5 thoughts on “ Plant Profile: Adagio Maiden Grass (Miscanthus sinensis ‘Adagio’) ” Tom Fitzgerald says: July 16, 2012 at 4:00 pm Its July and I still have abut 25% brown foilage on six Adagios. You can do this every three years or more, but it is important to do it when the center of the plant is showing signs of dying out. Silver grasses (Miscanthus) can grow in either sunny or lightly shaded areas that has good drainage. Grass seed mixtures are often a blend of multiple species. Maiden Grass, Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus', is a tall, graceful, clumping ornamental grass. 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