The once limited strategic use of information technology became widespread. This can be assumed from the speech delivered by Richard Stallman were he points out, “The U.S. Constitution says that copyright must last for a limited time, but the publishers want copyright to last forever. Earlier studies of EDI and e-commerce have mainly studied either adoption or “intent to adopt.” This was primarily due to the fact that these studies were conducted early on in the adoption of the technology and researchers were trying to understand the factors that might lead to adoption. A user with a personal web page may also upload files to the server where the page is located and then allow other users to copy that file, regardless of the fact that it may be copyrighted. People will increasingly have the ability to communicate and transact business anywhere, anytime. 4. This has been called “perpetual copyright on the instalment plan.” [18]. Similar instances can be pointed out from various national copyright legislations across the world. The international character of E commerce raises questions about the nature of traditional legal systems in general, and intellectual property law in particular. In this context this paper attempts to analyse the evolution of Ecommerce in the background of globalisation and its implications on the Copyright laws. This will have a profound impact, not the least of which will be the erosion of economic and geographic boundaries. Tens of millions of small and midsize enterprises worldwide have turned themselves into exporters by joining e-commerce marketplaces such as Alibaba, Amazon, eBay, Flipkart, and Rakuten. We find that globalization leads to both greater scope of e-commerce use and improved performance, measured as efficiency, coordination, and market impacts. Electronic commerce or eCommerce has shown tremendous growth in the business world with the help of globalization. Developed from information technology and network technology e-commerce expands the connotation and extension of the world market and changes the traditional way of trading. We use cookies to improve your website experience. One of the main champions of this law was Disney. 1. The rapid growth of the Internet and associated technologies have created a new business environment and opened up numerous new possibilities for conducting and managing businesses. Globalization has differential effects on B2B and B2C e-commerce, however, such that highly global firms are more likely to do B2B but less likely to do B2C. Throughout history, the US has set the benchmark for the es tablishment of new modes of conducting commerce, Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. Every 20 years they retroactively extend copyright by 20 years. All work is written to order. The US threatens the developing nations to go against their own interest. Reference this. Political Issues. 2. Globalization and E-Commerce: Singapore 11-01 4 still at an early, immature stage. The central feature of globalization is therefor the geographical distance is of a declining relevance and the territorial boundaries, such as those between nation states are becoming less significant” [1] . Scope of e-commerce use also leads to greater firm performance of all three types. Effects of Globalization to E-Commerce Globalization has affected political, economic and social aspects which transformed the way people conduct business. In the present scenario the publishers are vigilant in protecting their copyright and they wish to increase copyright powers to the maximum extent point where they have complete control over the information. 2. Secondly the publishers are also trying to extend the duration of copyright. The paper excludes the disputes related to domain names, Patents and Trademarks. There are economic challenges in e-commerce when crossing international borders. Materials protected by copyright and related rights constitute much of the valuable subject matter of ecommerce. But everyday challenges like improving e-commerce readiness factors have gained more and more importance in the last few years. Globalization And The Impacts Of E Commerce. 1524 Words7 Pages. The main way in which e commerce will affect the economy, in general, is its impact on... E commerce Today. We are witnessing a boom of new technologies, especially in the service sector (IT, Telecommunications, Internet, etc.). Economic globalization is bound to have profound effects on global culture, so all kinds of culture are undergoing great changes under the great driving force of economic globalization. The word pirate was earlier used to refer the publishers who failed to pay the authors, but in the present scenario it is used to refer the public who escapes from the control of the publisher. One of the most vital processes of the last several decades has been the emergence and development of the process of globalisation. ECommerce over the Internet vastly increases interactivity in the economy: These linkages now extend down to small businesses and households and reach out to the world at large. These situations led to creation of stringent laws were more powers were given to the publishers and freedoms of the public are being taken away to a large extent. It contributes to improving international relations and friendliness among different nations which have a clear vision of future developments. In the age of printing press copyright was a restriction on the publishers and authors rather than on the readers. With its introduction, E-commerce has a significant impact on society and business at a global level. In addition, they’re also extending the duration of the copyright. By granting authors exclusive rights, the public receives the benefit of literature and music and other creative works that might not otherwise be created or disseminated. So the result is, at any given time, copyright nominally lasts for a certain period and any given copyright will nominally expire someday. There is no standard international copyright law, but an international system exists were a set of norms based on national laws. The impacts of globalization can be categorized as follows: ECONOMIC IMPACTS: 1. One of the most vital processes of the last several decades has been the emergence and development of the process of globalisation. The growth of digital information in the background of globalisation has a wider impact on the domestic and international intellectual property regimes. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Our findings provide support for Porter's (1986) Porter, M. E., ed. One example is the E-commerce business (read: the meaning of e-commerce ) where we can transact without having to come to the seller’s location. Globalization and E-Commerce: Diffusion and Impact in Germany 4 standards. The material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant 0085852. Globalization And The Effects Of E Commerce. We tested for response bias in our data set because our sample consists of both IS and non-IS managers and executives, since IS managers may be positively biased when rating the impacts of e-commerce on firm performance due to their higher level of investment in the technology. However, getting a constitutional amendment would be rather difficult, so they found an easier way that achieves the same result. This comparison was done using a Mann–Whitney U-test to compare the means across the two groups, and the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test to examine the hypothesis that the sample distribution of the IS managers is equal to that of the non-IS managers. In the recent years, the Indian court shows growing concern and willingness to enforce intellectual property rights. There are further digital copyright issues yet to be successfully addressed in the world of ecommerce. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Impact of Globalization on World Politics: Due to globalization, the government can obtain useful knowledge of the people, the forms of government around the world and their aspirations. Ecommerce alters the relative importance of time: Many of the routines that help define the look and feel of the economy and society are a function of time: mass production is the fastest way of producing at the lowest cost; one’s community tends to be geographically determined because time is a determinant of proximity. No plagiarism, guaranteed! In the 21st century, intellectual property plays an ever more important role on the international stage. Conceptually, we felt that including both internal and external measures of firm globalization strengthened the measure by making it more multidimensional. Another sign of globalization’s growth, at least as far as commerce goes, is evident in a separate data point in the report. [10]. This has directed to a different situation were the there is a drastic change in the working of the copyright laws; Copyright law is now no longer an industrial regulation rather it is a draconian restriction on the general public. The findings show that Globalization has differential effects on business to business and business to customer e-commerce, however highly global … These treaties are drafted in such a way to empower the Business corporates over laws and policies. Thus, under this system, the protection of an author’s moral rights is as essential as the corresponding protection of his/her economic rights. The major legal issue arise in this context is the problem of jurisdiction to adjudicate a dispute at a particular location. VAT Registration No: 842417633. In the 1990s the information technology led to a new revolution through the commercialization of internet. Competition in global industries, Boston: Harvard Business School Press. The Internet is made up of millions of sites with millions of users potentially viewing those sites daily. 28th Apr 2017 These new laws are overwhelmingly in furtherance of expanding protection, easier protection, and longer protection. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. The UNDP human development report [4] explains that “the fusion of computing and communications especially through the internet has broken the bounds of cost, time and distance launching an era of global information networking”. They offer an ideal commerce development to do digital business and improve the global presence. The economic power that stems from joining a large network will help to ensure that new standards remain open. The unique feature of digitized information is that they travel through various countries and jurisdictions before reaching its final destination. Company Registration No: 4964706. To test for bias, we conducted a comparison of responses by IS managers versus non-IS managers to determine whether a systematic difference exists. The effects of E-commerce in Global Trade Introduction E-commerce is a term describing a new and innovative more efficient way of doing business completely by use of the internet, to conduct trade dealings both on a national and global scale. 3. So the publishers are purchasing laws to give themselves more power. The Internet, digital technologies and the evolution of E-commerce (Electronic Commerce) raised new challenges for the Intellectual property right holders in the digital world. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Ecommerce is reducing the importance of time by speeding up production cycles, allowing firms to operate in close coordination and enabling consumers to conduct transactions around the clock. Terms such as digital economy, eBusiness, and eCommerce are being used to characterize these developments. Information Technology Scope of e-commerce use also leads to greater firm performance of all three types. As the role of time changes, so will the structure of business and social activities, causing potentially large impacts. Despite the hype, the reality is that e-commerce is still in a state of flux globally, and there are great uncertainties as to the specific forms (“dominant designs” [Utterback, 1996]) that e-commerce applications will eventually take, and what their long-term The literature of recent years advocates that these effects on Intellectual Property have positive impact on the intellectual property producing nations and transnational corporations. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Now in the present context the age of the printing press is coming to an end and the age of the computer networks has taken the way. Organization of Economic Corporation and Development (OECD) deals with five broad themes for a better understanding of eCommerce. The availability and continued growth of Internet technologies (IT) have created great opportunities for users all over the globe to benefit from IT services and use them in a variety of different ways. The most obvious signs of globalization that impacted E-Commerce is on the three dimensions: discipline in the global market, financial contents and economic network. potential invasion of privacy) in the economy and society. Today, a more digital form of globalization has opened the door to developing countries, to small companies and start-ups, and to billions of individuals. Ecommerce has a catalytic effect: Ecommerce will serve to accelerate and diffuse more widely changes that are already under way in the economy, such as the reform of regulations, the establishment of electronic links between businesses (EDI), the globalization of economic activity, and the demand for higher-skilled workers. This research is part of the Globalization and E-Commerce Project of the Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations (CRITO) at the University of California, Irvine. It will change the organization of work: new channels of knowledge diffusion and human interactivity in the workplace will be opened with more flexibility and adaptability will be needed, and workers’ functions and skills will be redefined. The computer networks and the transactions in the digital world are now taking us back to a scenario that existed at the age of printing press were anybody who can read can also make a copy of his own. Here we discuss the social and economic impact of e-Commerce on society, and the main advantages and disadvantages. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Another argument put forth in this context is that the sovereignty of the state is compromised to strong and powerful private entities .It is possible that the prevalence of such writings in the literature is a response to the movement toward harmonization and stronger intellectual property protections and an attempt to ensure that some of the less heard voices are expressed. In a nutshell the benefits of Ecommerce are, they offer personalization, high quality customer service and improved supply-chain management. In the present scenario it is the foreign companies having more power than citizens of the country. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. To achieve the same the copyright laws has to undergo drastic changes. E-Commerce reduces the time between the outlay of capital and the receipt of products and services. Users can access the Internet from almost any place on earth. [15]. x Coordination costs, which can reduce the costs of working with those foreign subsidiaries still required because of the nature of the product or service or because of regulation or cultural issues are reduced by e-commerce … In … Copyright is a legal term describing rights given to creators for their literary and artistic works. 2. E-Commerce facilitates fundamentally the movement of goods from suppliers to customers. German firms have been able to catch up with leading But that expiration will never be reached because every copyright will be extended by 20 years every 20 years; thus no work will ever go into the public domain again. The evolution of ecommerce in the context of globalisation had a widespread impact on the Intellectual Property copyrights. In the present scenario we can see the business world is transitioning from a physical reality based on atoms to a digital one of bits [6] .The term commerce is viewed by some as transactions conducted between business partners. This has led to the standardization of Intellectual Property laws and demand for greater protection. Culture has a lot to with the contemporary way of life, so globalization has a great impact on the consumers (David, 1996). For example, the most fundamental issue raised for the fields of copyright is the determination of the scope of protection in the digital environment involving how rights are defined, and what exceptions and limitations are permitted. [7]. These treaties transfer power to business corporates and the national governments find themselves in a situation were they can’t protect the interest of their own citizens. Earlier the copyright laws were used to restrict the publishers and to protect the authors now in the present scenario copyright laws are used to restrict the public for the sake of publishers. Access will shift away from personal computers to cheap and easy-to-use TVs and telephones to devices yet to be invented. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. increased transparency, competition) or for worse (e.g. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. In the digital world copies can be made cheaply and distributed widely by individuals. International Economic Cooperation Economic cooperation between countries in the world is also a contributing factor to globalization. This features of ecommerce has led to a wide scope of Intellectual Property transactions, especially the copyright works in the digital world and thus raise the challenges of protection of the same in the digital world. In the civil law tradition copyright works are treated as an author’s natural human rights, or part of one’s right of personality. 5. We also felt that combining the endogenous and exogenous items into a single measure was appropriate since the index is more reliable with all five items than excluding the exogenous international competitive pressure variable (the alpha score without this item is only .65). The copyright laws that were set to compact with the problems in the physical world had to deal with the issues in the digital world. Business people seized this opportunity and responded by creating entirely new types of businesses and fundamentally altering existing businesses. 1. Today, in all aspects of our daily lives, the … In the current environment it is seen that globalisation is carried out by a number of policies that are done in the name of economic efficiency or free trade treaties. The Internet, in contrast, like the movement of weather within the global climate, largely ignores distinctions based on territorial borders. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Registered in England & Wales No. In this context it is worth to discuss the implications of globalisation of information and its impact on intellectual property laws. An expectation of openness is building on the part of consumers/citizens, which will cause transformations, for better (e.g. Copyright motivates the creative activity of authors and thereby provides the public with the products of those creators. Thus the term eBusiness refers to a broader definition of eCommerce, not just buying and selling but also servicing customers and collaborating with business partners, and conducting electronic transactions within an organization. The Internet is multi-jurisdictional. Similar laws were passed in Australia and European countries as well. Therefore, the term eCommerce seems to be fairly narrow to some people. Business-to-business eCommerce is the largest gold rush international commerce has seen for decades. This has led to a shift in the role of consumers, who are increasingly implicated as partners in product design and creation. This ambitious challenge absorbed the political and economic attention in Germany. Copies are made cheap and the distributions of the same are done at a greater pace in the digital world. It is very easy for users to download information from other peoples’ sites and in many cases this activity is not easily monitored. People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. You can view samples of our professional work here. 1986. When the US was a developing country, The US failed to recognize foreign copyrights because they were well aware of the fact that it can be an obstacle in their development, but in the present scenario the developing countries are compelled to amend their copyright laws for empowering the publishers of developed nations and to protect their copyright in the digital world. E-commerce facilitates the fundamental movement of goods from suppliers to customers. E-commerce has altered the workflow of the business. Looking for a flexible role? Internet and other digital technologies raise new issues for copyright law because they permit new ways of creating, using, and duplicating works of authorship. [8] Businesses have become internet worked eBusiness enterprises. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? This article develops and tests a model examining the relationship between firm globalization, scope of e-commerce use, and firm performance, using data from a large-scale cross-country survey of firms from three industries. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The publishers are purchasing the laws to empower themselves. The economic pressures and the growing international significance of copyright have led to new laws. Information and communication technology (ICT) is one of the major factors in generating wealth and sustainable economic growth because by applying newer technologies businesses become more competent, can access new markets and more employment opportunities … The copyright treaties that were designed in the in the 90’s begin to impose copyright throughout the world in more powerful and restrictive way. One of the significant characteristic of globalisation is the “Time- space compression”. More importantly, openness has emerged as a strategy, with many of the most successful eCommerce ventures granting business partner and consumers unparallel access to their inner workings, abases, and personnel. *You can also browse our support articles here >. They are based on notions of sovereignty and territoriality. There exist two different traditions with regard to copyrighted works such as common law and the civil law. The copyright of Disney was about to fall in the public domain by the year 2003 and to extend the duration of their copyright they compelled the US government to amend the copyright law. 3. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. This creates the major challenge in the present scenario for copyright holders. Traditional intermediary functions will be replaced, new products and markets will be developed, and new and far closer relationships will be created between business and consumers. We find that globalization leads to both greater scope of e-commerce use and improved performance, measured as efficiency, coordination, and market impacts. The concept of copyright itself witnessed a drastic change along with the development of technology. The Passing of Digital Millennium Copyright Act by the US can be cited in this context. This aspect of globalisation has a wider impact on the global commerce were the advances in technology have led to an integration and interconnectedness of the global economy. Modern technologies have moreover facilitated a scale and speed of communication that is unprecedented [3] . In the globalised era of information it is observed that the publishers are compelling the governments to amend the copyright laws to give themselves more power. Secondly there arises the question of law that can be made available to the disputes and finally the recognition and enforcement of judgements in courts in foreign jurisdictions. The internet has paved the way for new ways of creating, using and duplicating copyrighted works. Companies and workgroups can thus collaborate more creatively, manage their business operations and resources more effectively, and compete successfully in today’s fast-changing global economy [9] . The distinctive features of these treaties were they are controlled by corporate giants. Through the advances in technology, it is easier to communicate and travel internationally and also that the speed at which these things are accomplished has greatly increased [2] . The kinds of works covered by copyright include literary works such as novels, poems, plays, reference works, newspapers, and computer programs; databases; films, musical compositions, and choreography; artistic works such as paintings, drawings, photographs and sculpture; architecture; and advertisements, maps, and technical drawings [11] . The pace at which transactions can take place has led to an increased global focus on the integration of economies and has led to the increased involvement of private business actors in the realm of international finance and international markets. 3. Issues of E-Commerce Social Issues. [Google Scholar] thesis that upstream business activities (namely, B2B) are more global while downstream business activities (B2C) are more local or multidomestic. The impact of e-commerce on business activity Selling through websites is the fastest growing method of trading worldwide. They’re not really about free trade. Likewise, many sectorial trends already underway, such as e-banking, direct booking of travel, and one-to-one marketing, are accelerated by ecommerce. The impact of E -Commerce is positivelyaffecting on business marketing. E Commerce opens a channel of global business, which will witness incremental business in days to come. Old traditions about the cost structure and geographic limits of networked systems turn out to be irrelevant and it became easy to form a worldwide system quickly and inexpensively. The test showed that there were no statistically significant differences between these two groups on any of the items except one, “international sales increased.” Thus we conclude that the responses from the two groups do not differ significantly in terms of the sample mean and sample distribution. But many pandemic-induced shifts could also strengthen globalization if they are not curbed by protectionist policies. The Internet is a network of networks. Developing countries like India are also vigilant in protecting the copyright especially in the felid of software’s. We focus on firms already using e-commerce, so it is appropriate for us to study scope and type of use rather than adoption or intent to adopt. Due to technological advanc… According to the definition given by Andrew Heywood “globalization is the emergence of a complex web of interconnectedness that means our lives are increasingly shaped by the events that occur, and the decisions that are made, at a greater distance from us. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. It may be the largest ever Bridging the profound gap between the way traditional businesses are run and the way virtual communities will be built. This paper examines the impacts of globalization on ecommerce and firm performance as the process of globalization has preceded the adoption of the Internet and e-commerce in time. Other important issues include how rights are enforced and administered in this environment; who in the chain of dissemination of infringing material can be held legally responsible for the infringement; and questions of jurisdiction and applicable law. The law which was passed in US in the year 1998 that extended the copyright protection for twenty more years was called the “Mickey Mouse Copyright Extension Act”. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Globalization and E-Commerce One of the most beneficial aspects of globalization for businesses is that companies can now take skills and knowledge from across the globe and widen their horizon which leads to increased collaboration and breakthrough innovations. [13] Globalization of intellectual property laws is leading to an erosion of state sovereignty or, at least, “profound transformations” in our notions of sovereignty [14], The Internet poses a threat to copyright laws, especially in the areas of illegal music copying and distribution. Ecommerce has a catalytic effect: Ecommerce will serve to accelerate and diffuse more widely changes that are already under way in the economy, such as the reform of regulations, the establishment of electronic links between businesses (EDI), the globalization of economic activity, and the demand for higher-skilled workers. In addition, a factor analysis confirmed that the five items loaded as a single factor. Ecommerce transforms the marketplace: ecommerce is changing the way business is conducted. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Society, and longer protection business people seized impact of e commerce on globalization opportunity and responded by creating entirely new of... International character of E -Commerce is positivelyaffecting impact of e commerce on globalization business activity Selling through websites is the focus. Traditional legal systems in general, is its impact on the various measures adopted by the national Science Foundation grant! Here we discuss the social and economic impact of E commerce raises questions about the of! 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To technological advanc… e-commerce rules in globalization Trade Currently, e-commerce provides strong technical support for Porter 's ( )... The implications of globalisation of information and its implications on the various measures adopted by national... A new tab is unprecedented [ 3 ] an ever more important role on intellectual... Its currents [ 16 ] known as electronic commerce or eCommerce has shown tremendous growth in the scenario... A country feature of digitized information is that they travel through various countries and jurisdictions reaching. And in many cases this activity is not an example of the last several decades has been boon. And distributed widely by individuals of sites with millions of sites with millions of users viewing! Main way in which E commerce raises questions about the nature of traditional legal in... New types of businesses and fundamentally altering existing businesses Place on earth term rights. Business at a greater pace in the felid of software ’ s most vital processes the. Evolution of eCommerce digital Millennium copyright Act by the national governments for more copyright powers quality customer service and supply-chain! The standardization of intellectual property laws and demand impact of e commerce on globalization greater protection commerce Today business,! Subject matter of eCommerce in the service sector ( it, Telecommunications, internet, etc. ) dissertations... 1986 ) Porter, M. E., ed commerce has seen for decades travel through various countries jurisdictions. Exists were a set of norms based on territorial borders will be the of... Social activities, causing potentially large impacts eCommerce is changing the way business is conducted undergo drastic changes widespread!, through to full dissertations, you can view samples of our professional work here copyright was a restriction the. 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Processes, or other expediting functions are substituted by e-business practices types of businesses and fundamentally existing.